Cooking causes half (49%) of all reported home fires and more than two of every five (42%) home fire injuries.
Cooking causes half (49%) of all reported home fires and more than two of every five (42%) home fire injuries.

Cooking Safety Tips for a Fire-Free Thanksgiving

Illinois State Fire Marshall Media Release 11/24/2022 6:00AM


Thanksgiving is the leading day for home fires involving cooking equipment, with four times the average number occurring. Ranges and cook-tops account for almost three out of every five home fires reported involving cooking, with ovens accounting for 13% of those fires. Cooking causes half (49%) of all reported home fires and more than two of every five (42%) home fire injuries, and it is the second leading cause of home fire deaths (20%).

According to the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), each year from 2017 to 2019, an estimated average of 2,300 residential building fires were reported to fire departments in the U.S. on Thanksgiving Day. These fires caused an estimated annual average of 5 deaths, 25 injuries and $26 million in property loss. U.S. fire departments respond to an average of 166,100 home fires per year involving cooking equipment.

“Kitchens will be a very busy spot in the house this coming Thanksgiving. It's important to keep cooking safety a top priority while preparing your Thanksgiving dinner," said Acting Illinois State Fire Marshal Dale Simpson. “I encourage everyone to make sure your cooking appliances are in proper working order, and if broken, have them repaired by a professional. By following the tips below your holiday will be free from any fire related incidents."

"I am sure everyone has their own special recipe, l have one as well, and it's called a safety recipe," said Chicago Fire Commissioner, Annette Nance-Holt. "First, please wear protective gear in case oil splatters. Secondly, deep fry in an open, outdoor area. Deep frying a turkey should never take place inside and that includes inside a garage."

Here are some tips to keep in mind when preparing food, not just during the holiday season but all year.

  • Never leave food that you are frying, boiling, grilling or broiling unattended! If you leave the kitchen, even for a short amount of time, turn off the stove.
  • Frying a Turkey has become more popular in recent years.
    • Make sure to not overfill oil in the fryer. Fill the pot you plan to use to fry the turkey with water and place the turkey in. This will help to determine how much oil is needed without causing oil to spill out when you are ready to fry, which could lead to a fire.
    • Use the turkey fryer outdoors ONLY!
    • Make sure the turkey is completely thawed and dry before frying.
    • Use long cooking gloves that protect hands and arms when you handle the pot!
  • Create a “Kid Free Zone" of at least three feet around the stove or anywhere you are preparing hot food or drinks.
  • Keep the area around the stove clear of towels, papers, potholders, or anything that can burn.
  • Check your oven before preheating to ensure there are no items inside.
  • If you are simmering, baking, or roasting food, check it regularly, remain in the home while food is cooking, and use a timer to remind you when food is ready.
  • If there is a fire in the oven, keep the door shut and turn off the heat.
  • Smother small flames in a pan by sliding a lid over the pan. Turn off the burner and leave the lid over the pan while it cools.
  • If you have any doubt fighting a small fire, just get out! Call 9-1-1 or your emergency number from outside the home.​

Additional Fire Safety information can be found on the NFPA website or on the Office of the State Fire Marshal website.​


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